9 February 2021 is a history-making date for the United Arab Emirates and not only. It is the day on which the ‘Hope’ probe entered Mars’ orbit. After the extremely delicate phase in which the probe approached the Red Planet and was unable to communicate with the United Arab Emirates’ Space Agency for almost 30 minutes, Hope started to orbit around the Red Planet.
The extraordinary information that Hope will be able to collect during its mission will be shared with the Participating Countries at Expo 2020 Dubai. Aerospace is precisely one of the Universal Expo’s most important themes, which dedicated to it a week of events and initiatives in a preview at the pre-Expo “Space Week” held last October.
Launched from the Tanegashima Space Centre in Southern Japan on 19 July 2020, the Emirates’ probe took five months to reach the Red Planet and, as of 9 February, will remain in its orbit for two years, collecting data that will make it possible to analyse the composition of the planet’s atmosphere and, in particular, to measure its oxygen and hydrogen levels.
The First Complete Picture of the Martian Atmosphere:
- Understand climate dynamics and the global weather map through characterizing the lower atmosphere of Mars
- Explain how the weather changes the escape of Hydrogen and Oxygen through correlating the lower atmosphere conditions with the upper atmosphere
- Understand the structure and variability of Hydrogen and Oxygen in the upper atmosphere, as well as identifying why Mars is losing them into space
Update 14-02-2020 - The Hope probe has returned its first and extraordinary image of Mars (credits: Hope Mars Mission FB channel), captured from an altitude of 25,000 km above the Red Planet